Although he was born in Kansas City, Missouri, Dixon's family moved to New Zealand when he was very young, and he was raised there. He returned to the US around 1916 or 1917, and attempted to break into the burgeoning film business. He had been a champion rider and roper in New Zealand and thought he was ripe for stardom in westerns. He brought with him a small film he had made in New Zealand and, astonishingly enough, actually managed to find a company willing to release it. After landing small parts in a few small movies, Dixon decided that the best road to stardom was one he would make himself, so he began to produce and star in his own films, using the name "Art Mix." Here's where it gets really confusing: for reasons known only to himself he decided to have an actor named George Kesterson also play the Art Mix character and, in an even more confusing turn of events, once hired a rodeo champion named Bob Roberts to also play "Art Mix." Cowboy superstar Tom Mix eventually filed a copyright infringement suit against Dixon because of his use of the Mix name. In a move that could only happen in Hollywood, Dixon got around that by finding a man whose real name actually was Art Mix and hiring him to play the character--so at one point there were four different men playing a cowboy named Art Mix! Kesterson and Dixon eventually parted ways, but Kesterson used the Art Mix name, despite Adamson's efforts to stop him, for the remainder of his career.
It didn't really matter that much who played "Art Mix," though, as the films, all low-budget in the extreme with a reputation for laugh-inducing incompetence, were released via the states rights system--in which regional distributors bought the prints outright and kept them in circulation for as long as they could remain spliced together--which meant that not a whole lot of people wound up seeing them anyway. Even the most diehard western fan had trouble sitting through an Art Mix feature on the bottom half of a Saturday-afternoon matinée. Most of his productions were two-day wonders shot for $2000 or so, featuring actors who had trouble remembering their lines, misspelled title cards, headache-inducing editing, a near total lack of understanding of sound, and very often the use of an impaired (visually or otherwise) cinematographer (i.e., his $2,500 out-of-focus extravaganza, Range Riders (1934), in which the cameraman's competence apparently wasn't as important as his willingness to work for next to nothing).
Dixon continued to produce and star in his own bottom-of-the-barrel westerns and to appear in small roles in oaters made by others until the late 1930s, when he decided to concentrate mainly on producing, confining his acting chores to small parts in the innumerable B westerns being churned out in Hollywood at the time. His son, director/producer Al Adamson, kept the family name and reputation alive in the low-budget film market by grinding out micro-budgeted westerns, hilariously inept horror films and vapid softcore sex comedies for decades--he even managed to cash in on the blaxploitation craze of the '70s with a couple of clunkers--until his murder, by a building contractor with whom he was having a legal dispute, in 1995.
Alternate Names: A. V. Anderson | Robert Charles | Denver Dickson | Victor Adamson | Al James | Art James | Van Johnson | Al Mix | Art Mix
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